Monday, 25 June 2018




Welcome to another edition of Internship Check-In! Read on to learn about what MMSt students have been doing this summer in institutions across Canada. Today Musings has FOUR incredible interviews to share. *

This post features:

Victoria Delisle: Maritime Museum of the Atlantic and the Museum of Natural History, Halifax, NS

Michael Goodchild: Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, ON

Samantha Kilpatrick: Toronto Zoo, Toronto, ON

Melina Mehr: Art Museum (UTAC), University of Toronto, ON

Tell us a bit about yourself and your museum-related interests.

Victoria: Following my Bachelor’s Degree in Anthropology and Classical studies at Saint Mary’s University (Halifax, NS), I moved to Toronto to pursue a Master of Museum Studies. Although my passion has always swayed more towards the archaeology side of things, I am interested in anything and everything related to museums. I have volunteered in Museums since I was 15, participating and facilitating school programs. Coincidently, the Museum of Natural History where I am currently interning (for the first half of my summer) is where I did my high school co-op organizing their botany collection.

Michael: I entered the museum world a similar way to how a lot of us do – through my love of history! After receiving my Bachelor of History from the University of British Columbia, I was lucky enough to promptly secure a contract position as an education assistant in the Calgary Military Museum. I led school groups through various educational activities, such as object handling, presentations on the battles of the First World War, and talks about the military contributions of local regiments through Canada’s history. Being immersed in a subject that I love, and getting to share that passion, was incredibly meaningful. The capacity of museums as centers of education, community-building and visitor enrichment are my chief interests, and I’m delighted that working in the Royal Ontario Museum’s interactive galleries affords me the opportunity to develop these interests further!

Samantha: I've always been very interested in the 'where the rubber meets the road' part of museums-- that is to say, how visitors actually experience the museum on the floor, or in the gallery. My interest in visitor experience comes from a history of being a docent at a couple of different institutions, and an absolute love for the stories museums have the potential to tell. I want to help them tell these stories as best as I can. I have a history in history and art history, so of course, I'm doing my internship at the Toronto Zoo.

Melina: I’m quite drawn to various methods of storytelling – through cinema, creative writing, visual art, and early forms of digital media. I returned to school to pursue an MMSt because my experiences in art galleries have always been fundamental for me in understanding and decoding human experiences. I’m interested in public programming to allow experiential learning environments for diverse audiences in order to create new relationships with art. Recently I’ve become interested in curatorship as well (in my mind, assembling works thematically to convey stories from marginalized communities) so maybe that’s something I’ll toy with down the line. It’s so important for institutionally underrepresented people to have the agency to tell their own histories, so I want to help decolonize the art world in whatever way possible.
Melina at Art Museum (University of Toronto). Photo courtesy of Melina Mehr. 
What is a typical day at your institution? What are your responsibilities?

Victoria: My internship is split between the Collections Unit at the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic and with Janet Maltby, the rural site manager at the Nova Scotia Museum working out of the Museum of Natural History. At the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic, I’ll be cataloging the Harbour China collection, and hopefully integrating it with their current Shipwrecks exhibit. My time with Janet Maltby will be spent organizing the Nova Scotia Museum’s institutional history as it’s the 150th anniversary, and shadowing and assisting her in managerial tasks. There is no such thing as a typical day! I can spend one day editing documents, reviewing policies and procedures, and partaking in meetings. Other days, I’ve organized the collections in a fish house at one of the rural museum sites or helped our interpreters take our gopher tortoise Gus for his daily walk!

The galleries where I work depend on volunteers and visitors to activate them – this means that they’re always busy and usually need extra help, particularly the past few weeks as schools were finishing up for the summer. I’ve been kept on my toes balancing my project work with stepping out onto the gallery floor to assist volunteers with their responsibilities, help agitated parents find a wayward child, provide directions and assist visitors. When not called onto the floor I have a host of other duties to occupy my time: I help the collections managers update and rehouse specimens, update the collection database, create information cards that volunteers use when taking out objects to facilitate with guests, rehouse objects while keeping an eye open for degradation or pests, and test prototype activities to judge their effectiveness – to name but a handful!

Samantha: A typical day at the Toronto Zoo involves going out on site with a visitor questionnaire or observing and taking notes on visitor behaviour. I also will do data entry, and once a week or so sit down with all the data I have collected to conduct an analysis. The internship 'office' is the Toronto Zoo's volunteer lounge, and the home to all the biofacts and touchable objects we have for volunteers and educators to use. The other two interns are working with this education collection, which means I am often entering data into excel while they have the much more visually interesting job of gluing shark jaws back together, or pinning beetles to boards, or identifying unlabelled snakeskins.

Melina: I am the Public Programming Assistant, so my main duties are based around ensuring all our summer programs are executed seamlessly, as well as giving exhibition tours. I do outreach to create connections between current exhibitions at the Art Museum and different faculties/departments/communities in Toronto to set up various styles of tours. I also train work-study staff to become docents. Day to day I do a lot of research, tour prepping, and fun admin stuff.

One of Samantha's new friends at the Toronto Zoo! Photo courtesy of Samantha Kilpatrick. 
What is something you have learned so far at your internship?

Victoria: I’ve learned the extent of the curatorial and management process. Seeing first-hand the amount of work on a consistent basis is more than I have ever imagined. Everyone here has a thousand different projects going on at once and they all sit on numerous committees. I quickly learned that being organized is most definitely an asset. I am also pleasantly surprised at the amount of gardening skills I’ve acquired through working with our rural sites, I never thought I would be obtaining my green-thumb through my internship!

Michael: The coordinators and facilitation staff have all worked hard to ensure that I get as thorough an experience of museum work as I can, and I’ve gained practical experience in a whole range of museum work and skill development. I’ve also had the opportunity to meet with professionals from other departments, such as Design, Curatorship, and Program Planning. From all of this, I’ve learned that when it comes to front-of-house, visitor-oriented museum work, you need to get used to wearing all kinds of hats every day. I work as a collections manager, a teacher, an activity planner, a play tester, a guide, a friendly face, a source of authority and a student. I do these things all at once in any combination. Time management and the ability to adapt to rapidly changing circumstances is par the course for this branch of museum work.

Samantha: How to present information so it will be acknowledged and listened to.

Melina: The detailed logistics that go into planning events months and months in advance. And also the importance of keeping records – whether it’s emails, documents, notes, post-its, etc. Record everything!

A wild Michael is found in the ROM's Biodiversity gallery. Photo courtesy of Michael Goodchild. 
What are you excited about accomplishing throughout your internship?

Victoria: As an ongoing project with my predecessors at the Museum of Natural History I’m looking forward to the Gallery Renewal Project in the museums main entrance space, known as the Netukulimk Gallery. It’s exciting to be included in how gallery renewal takes place, and I’m looking forward to the outcome.

Michael: Overall, I’m excited for the breadth of experience my internship has given me so far, gaining experience in many different types of museum work. I’m also excited about how my internship can act as a spring board leading to future opportunities – the ROM is widely recognized and well-respected, and the connections I make hear can only benefit me in my future endeavours, no matter where I end up! Finally, I’m excited that my time here will open my eyes to types of museum work I wouldn’t have otherwise considered, giving me more tools to add to my museum toolbox.

Samantha: Through research and implementation (asking a horticulturalist if he could move a plant to the other side of a display case) I have doubled the number of people who engage with one of our educational booths. I am working to rewrite some of the text as well, and I will soon be able to calculate how many more hundreds of people a year stop at this booth, and leave having learned something about our environmental goals.

Melina: I’m hoping to get better and more comfortable with creating different kinds of tours for different kinds of audiences. It’s really amazing having multiple tours scheduled each week because I get to practice so frequently and play with new pedagogical methods each time to see what works best.
Victoria at the Museum of Natural History. Photo courtesy of Victoria Delisle. 
If you could create any museum (no matter how ridiculous) what kind of museum would it be?

Victoria: I know it’s not too crazy, but I love encyclopedic museums. I love the concept of having many cultures and perspectives under one roof, since we often don’t learn about them in unison. It gives people a chance to learn about them from a global perspective and understand one another. Also, I love grand, magnificent architecture- so, the bigger the museum the better!

Michael: I would love to create a museum that showcases how humanity has used technology to evolve how we tell each other stories. One of the many reasons I love museums is because they can guide visitors through stories of human development, growth, and tragedy. By word of mouth, pictures and hieroglyphs, books, movies, songs, and videogames, we continuously look for newer and newer ways to tell stories, which themselves can be experienced passively by simply listening, or putting the recipient in the driver’s seat so to speak. Celebrating these ever-changing mediums while also drawing attention to the universality of sharing and telling stories would be a lot of fun personally, and would speak to a part of museums that I love so much.

Samantha: I honestly have been so occupied by the idea of UNLive (read Samantha's Musing article here) as an ideal to aspire to that I have no idea how I would improve on that!

Melina: A collective-based museum with rotating artists (first time art-makers, emerging, practiced, all kinds) who have access to supplies, studio space, and instructors, when they otherwise may not have that opportunity. The museum’s exhibitions would be the work of these incoming and outgoing artists, providing a lens into the artistic pursuits of diverse communities; it would also validate their interest in and capacity to create art, as their pieces would be displayed in a public gallery space. 

If you want to see more of Victoria's internship, be sure to check out her Instagram!

A post shared by Victoria Delisle (@themuseumintern) on

*These interviews have been edited for length and clarity.

Friday, 22 June 2018




ac-ces-si-ble (adj)

capable of being reached

capable of being used or seen

capable of being understood or appreciated

If I asked you why accessibility in museums is important, what would you say? You might say something like “museums are for everyone”, or “every individual deserves the opportunity to experience museums”. And if you did, you’d be right.

But what defines accessibility?

Is it having closed captioning on videos? Or wheelchair ramps? Is it as simple as having changing tables in men’s washrooms? Or does it involve the strategic placement of seats in exhibits?

The answer is yes.

Examples of accessibility markers. Source.
But accessibility is also so much more than these physical adaptations to museums. It is bringing neurodiverse artists to light in the best way possible - exhibiting their work and showcasing their talent.

The Museum of Special Art (MOSA) in Bothwell, Washington, takes a brand-new approach to the idea of accessibility.

MOSA brings a new perspective and it is not a ‘typical’ museum. “… [MOSA] is a non-profit corporation developed to meet the current needs of children and special adults with disabilities by providing access to the visual arts, educational opportunities, career development, art internships, and work opportunities for artists with disabilities.” (Source.)

One of the current exhibitions, Unlimited, exhibits the work of autistic artists in recognition of Autism Awareness. This is exciting, as it brings a new voice to artists with disabilities and caters to artists of all ages and abilities.

Museum of Special Art banner. Source.
MOSA places a special emphasis on both the historical preservation of the art, and the art itself. These can be outlined as such:

1) “ Because of the physical and/or developmental challenges these artists face, it can be difficult to access the visual arts. Many have limited access to art programs, materials, adaptive equipment and may not have the advocacy skills needed to care for their artwork and submit their work for exhibitions...  it is imperative that we preserve the historical value of artwork created by artists with disabilities for future generations to come.” (Source.)

2) “The artwork itself is so profound and inspirational and comes from a unique viewpoint of artists with disabilities. Many of these artists who have developmental, physical disabilities, or traumatic brain injuries, who face day to day functional challenges rise above all odds to create the most beautiful masterpieces.” (Source.)

Museum of Special Art. Source

So – why is MOSA important?

MOSA is important not only in terms of museums, but in terms of equality in general. MOSA plays an integral role in breaking down barriers for artists with disabilities. Personally, I think this is a fantastic take on accessibility. Instead of developing ways to make a museum accessible to people with disabilities as patrons, MOSA makes them the focus.

Something else I discovered was that MOSA also provides an Open Studio, where artists with disabilities can create the artwork of their choice. I think this extension to the museum is a good way to further foster a love of creativity within artists with disabilities. Instead of simply being a building in which artists with disabilities can display their work, MOSA creates a welcoming and experimental space. For any artist, acceptance and opportunity can have an incredibly positive impact on both their work, and who they are as an artist.

Museum of Special Art banner. Source.
It is incredibly important to recognize differences and diversity in artists and open museums to new forms of artwork. I am absolutely thrilled to see that MOSA is pushing that boundary and I hope museums like MOSA will soon become the “norm” rather than an “innovation”.

Wednesday, 20 June 2018




Sometimes, we all need to relax, especially when the semester kicks in. It is important to keep a balance between your studies and your wellness. The University of Toronto’s St. George campus has wonderful and magical quiet places to study, relax or disconnect. You just have to know where to find them! Here are some of my favourite hidden gems around the campus where I like to escape as I am completing my Masters.

1. Terrence Donnelly Centre’s Indoor Bamboo Garden

160 College St, Toronto, ON M5S 3E2

The Terrence Donnelly Centre for Cellular and Biomolecular Research building, opened in 2005, has one of the only indoor green spaces at the University of Toronto. The Bamboo Garden is the ideal place to go to find a moment of peace. There are benches on the various patio levels where you can relax, eat your lunch or chat with friends.  The Bamboo Garden remains little known across the student body, so make sure to check it out!

2. University College’s Quadrangle

15 King’s College Circle, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3H7

University College’s Quadrangle is a serene haven minutes away from the Faculty of Information. Surrounded by the beautiful medieval-inspired 1850s University College building, this green space is my favourite on campus as it feels like I enter in another era. I enjoy grabbing a coffee at Diabolo’s Cafe (as listed in my previous Grad School Guide article) and sitting in the Quad to eat my lunch, read a book or let my mind wander. As you are there, I recommend visiting the latest exhibition of the nearby University of Toronto Art Centre!

A post shared by Alexandra (@alexandrakazia) on

3. Rotman School of Management’s Rooftop Terrace

5th floor, 105 St George St, Toronto, ON M5S 3E6

You might have been wondering what is in that glass building in from of the Faculty of Information. The Rotman School of Management offers many services such as a coffee shop, a cafeteria and the Milt Harris Library. But my favourite part of this building is its green rooftop patio. Located on the same floor as the library, the patio offers you one of the best views of Toronto from campus. The only inconvenience is that the Wi-Fi is quite weak outside. However, why not enjoy some time really disconnected!

4. Philosopher’s Walk

Access on Bloor St W. through the Queen Alexandra Gates (between the Royal Ontario Museum and the Royal Conservatory of Music).

While Philosopher’s Walk is mostly used as a shortcut between Bloor St. W. and Hoskin Ave., away from cars, it is an ideal place to go reflect (as its name indicates). With many benches along the way, I enjoy sitting down there to read a book, and sometimes, listen to the music practices coming out from the Faculty of Music building, which is just beside! This park is as scenic throughout all seasons (Fall being my favourite one).

A post shared by Allana (@solostris) on

5. Innis Cafe's Patio

2 Sussex Ave, Toronto, ON M5S 1J5

Another neighbour to the Faculty of Information is Innis College. The Innis Café has a lovely hidden rooftop patio that is yet to be known! You, certainly, will not feel on campus when you head up there. This patio does not only have comfortable seating, but it is small, intimate and secluded. You can grab a lunch on the first floor or use the microwave to heat up your own.

A post shared by AnnyYu42 (@annyyu42) on

BONUS: Hart House

7 Hart House Circle Road, Toronto, ON M5S 3H3

Hart House, as a whole, is my number one place on campus. This cultural hub doesn’t only offer many activities (such as Get Crafty or Board Game Cafe), workshops, theatre plays and fitness classes, but it is a beautiful building that makes you feel like in Harry Potter. It has so many rooms and quiet corners where you can go relax (and even take a nap!), such as the Reading Room and the Library. If you do not know what to do, there is always something going on or for you to do at Hart House, day and night.

A post shared by Brett Snyder (@brett_snyder) on

As you can see, there is so much to explore around the University of Toronto. I hope these places may become sources of inspiration as you are completing various research papers throughout your degree. Also, to complement with your Masters of Museum Studies, I suggest learning more about the history of these sites as each and every one of them captures an essence of the University of Toronto. Finally, as this is only a handful of what the campus has to offer, I recommend wondering around to discover your own gem to unwind and let your mind escape.

Monday, 18 June 2018




Welcome to another Banksy-based #MuseNews! Since my last article, which explored the unauthorized Banksy exhibit opening in Toronto, there have been several shocking developments. In the span of two weeks, another unauthorized Banksy exhibit came and left Toronto, The Art of Banksy opened, and news broke that one of the artworks was stolen from the exhibit. Today, I’ll be exploring the latest news and considering what we can learn from the twists and turns.

A Banksy piece from New Orleans depicting thieves in action. Source.

June 13, 2018: The Art of Banksy Opens in Toronto

The blockbuster exhibit opened on Wednesday, June 13th. The show was announced over a month ago, and has been greatly anticipated since. The city has been plastered with ads that make the exhibit seem more like a carnival stopping in Toronto. The online “trailers” for the exhibit make the show seem like a high-suspense action movie coming to an abandoned warehouse near you.

It turns out the spectacle of the advertising perfectly captures the exhibit itself. So far the reviews for the exhibit have been mostly negative, with one critic going as far as calling the exhibit “utterly vulgar.”

June 14, 2018: News Breaks that an Artwork Was Stolen from the Exhibit

On Thursday, June 14th, news broke that an artwork from The Art of Banksy had been stolen from the exhibit’s warehouse location. Soon, details followed that the artwork titled "Trolley Hunters," worth approximately $45,000, had been stolen on Sunday, June 10th, before the exhibit opened. Now, there has been a surveillance tape released that shows a man stealing the artwork.

The theft has sparked even more conversation about the already controversial exhibit.

The Latest Literal Theft 

The theft has drawn attention to the risks involved when staging an exhibit in a non-gallery setting. The exhibition is located at 213 Sterling Road, a former factory. The large, abandoned warehouse lends itself to the “Banksy aesthetic.” Some of Banksy’s early shows were staged in similar warehouses. Banksy is largely known for his graffiti art, so an abandoned factory helps create the illusion that you’re part of Banksy’s underground world, even when you’re viewing framed artworks. The warehouse setting may serve the exhibit’s aesthetic, but the recent theft is a reminder that these makeshift gallery spaces pose major risks when staging an exhibit.

The theft also has major implications for the owner of the artwork. The exhibit is the “largest Banksy exhibit ever assembled” thanks to the art collectors worldwide who have loaned their Banksy pieces to the exhibit. The theft is a reminder of the risk involved for collectors loaning their works to exhibits, but is the theft so surprising? The entire exhibit is branded around the $35 million price tag, the collective worth of the 80 pieces in the exhibit. Clearly, the exhibit touted the worth of the art to draw audiences, but centering the exhibit around commercial value ended up endangering the art.

The Ongoing Intellectual Theft 

The Art of Banksy is an unauthorized exhibit, and the curator has openly admitted the artist would not approve. Isn’t this exhibit a theft itself? The curator is, after all, repurposing the creative property of an artist against their will, and making a major profit along the way.

This exhibit isn’t the only unauthorized show of Banksy’s work. A couple weeks ago, Saving Banksy showed in Yorkville Village from June 6th to June 11th. The exhibit included two Banksy works, “White Morons” and “Haight Street Rat,” amoungst the work of several local artists. “Haight Street Rat” is the star of both the exhibit and a recent documentary, as the piece was originally spray-painted on the side of a San Francisco bed and breakfast, but was removed and saved by art collector Brian Grief when the piece was at risk of being destroyed.

Image of the "Haight Street Rat" painting on display at the Saving Banksy exhibit. Photo courtesy of Amy Intrator.

Saving Banksy
, a small and free exhibit, seems like the exact opposite of The Art of Banksy, but the small show also infringes upon Banksy’s creative property. “Haight Street Rat” has been removed from its original canvas on the wall of a building, and decontextualized as a framed artwork.

The literal theft of a Banksy artwork serves as a reminder of the ongoing theft of Banksy’s creative property.

Friday, 15 June 2018




This summer I have been working with the Scarborough-based non-profit, Mural Routes, in documenting mural projects around the Greater Toronto Area into one comprehensive archive. Due to their rather temporal state - and the fact I haven’t lived in Toronto since its earliest commercial murals of the late 19th Century - creating a comprehensive archive of all the city’s murals has been a bit of tricky task. But it has also prompted some interesting reflections on how murals echo both private and public memories. This week’s Flashback Friday will unravel how local history is embedded in our city’s public artwork.

"Bomb Girls" by OMEN in collaboration with StreetARToronto and Mural Routes, near Warden x St. Clair East in Scarborough. 2014. Photo courtesy of Mural Routes. 

In many murals, especially those commissioned by the city or in partnerships with local BIA (Business Improvement Area), the themes and content of murals explicitly relay “heritage moments” or local legacies. A clear example of this can be found from the 1990s, when Mural Routes commenced their first series of murals along Kingston Road in Scarborough known as the Heritage Trail. Another example would be the several murals done by John Kuna for the Village of Islington BIA in Etobicoke from 2005 to 2014. These murals feature a range of characters and activities from Islington’s past, from families tobogganing to The Guelph Radial Line to local church communities. Such murals serve as tributes to the past, becoming a visual representation of collective community memories.

However, many of Toronto’s murals were not meant to be historical in nature, yet, their memory in the minds of local residents exist as landmarks of the city’s past. This is particularly evident amongst some of Toronto’s commercial murals. Until a few years ago, when the Church Street Mural Project added several new murals to the Church and Wellesley community, a large Molson Canadian advertisement was featured on Church Street as a mural known colloquially as The Gay Cowboys. Despite its obvious commercial purposes, the mural was recognized as a landmark in a generation of Toronto’s gay community. Recently, when Mural Routes’ held their archive exhibit at 389 Yonge St., several residents of the Church-Wellesley area shared their memories of the Gay Cowboys, revealing that in spite of its loss, the mural lingers in memory as part of the neighbourhood’s historical character.

Alternatively, many contemporary murals which aim to capture the diversity of Toronto’s communities (and perhaps, also tackle the lack of representation in Toronto’s public art) remind us of the multitude of intersecting communities that contribute to its vibrancy. For example, In July 2017, Parkdale held the event Women Paint, organized by Bareket Kezwer and StreetARToronto, where muralists came together to paint their unique and contrasting narratives of being womxn.

Concurrently, other muralists, such as Philip Cote have been injecting the mural scene with art representing Indigenous history and culture. Last summer, Cote finished a mural near Old Mill Subway Station which illustrates Indigenous knowledge, that has been preserved through oral histories. Such projects are laced with narratives of the Toronto region, both contemporary and historical, which indeed beautifully draw attention to a multifaceted, complex urban identity that is often lost in the haze of gray buildings and in our hustling commutes.

Then, within the production and life of a mural, lies another source of memory. Some murals have become iconic features to Toronto, recognizable to city dwellers across demographics. The Rainbow Tunnel in the Don Valley Parkway (DVP) is an excellent example of this. Visible from the highway, a pedestrian tunnel is vibrantly painted as a rainbow - ensuring pass-byers of its visibility regardless of the time of year. First painted in the 1970s by Bc Johnson, community members came together to restore the mural in 2012-2013, thus, sharing in a collective effort to preserve its mural memory. This Saturday, June 16th, Mural Routes will be completing touch-ups on Rainbow Tunnel as maintenance.

Rainbow Tunnel undergoing its restoration in 2012-2013. Photos courtesy of Mural Routes' Archive.

While the intentions and longevity of murals differ greatly, they share a common connection to community memory. Murals engage audiences with their surroundings, provoke new ideas to recollect, and stir our consciousness of another time.

Wednesday, 13 June 2018




Grab your gear, because we're heading back to the dig site! This article discusses my favourite part of archaeological conservation: Cleaning artifacts!

The best way to protect a newly excavated object is to stabilize it on site, before shipping it off to the museum. This means we need to get out our toothbrushes, and make that hunk of dirty pottery squeaky clean!

Step 1: Don't Touch It (Yet).

Before removing an object from the ground, make sure that you've cleaned around it as best as you can without dislodging it.
  • Level the trench. Use brushes and dust pans to clean the area around the artifact, so that the ground is smooth. When the surrounding are is flat, then it is easier to see how the object is resting inside the ground, which helps you decide how to remove it safely!
  • Careful where you step! Avoid getting really close to the artifact, or using water and heavier tools (like trowels) around the object. These will disrupt the integrity of the dirt layers under the artifact, which can cause your object to move unexpectedly, and puts it at risk for breaking!
Tip: When you remove an artifact from the dirt, all the elements that supported it and allowed it to survive all these years, will also be removed. This is why conservationists focus on preserving an object's original state for as long as possible.

Step 2: GENTLY Scrub Away Dirt

Do you need to buy fancy tools and clean the objects vigorously? Absolutely not!

  • Get tools that are easy to carry. Archaeologists rely on sponges, soft toothbrushes, paintbrushes, and toothpicks, because they're efficient and light-weight. I once cleaned an ancient Roman's teeth with thread instead of floss, and it worked really well!
  • No need to scrub very hard. Hold the object firmly in your hand, or place it on a clean, soft surface (like a table covered in cardboard). Then, use circular motions and water (when possible) to remove stubborn dirt as best as you can. Deeper cleaning will happen at the lab.
Tip: No matter what your tools are, they should have only ever been used to clean excavated objects (i.e. Please, don't get toothpaste from a personal toothbrush on a two-thousand-year-old shard of Greek pottery).

Step 3: Summon Your Inner Paparazzi.

Most archaeologists still do an artist's sketch of the artifacts when they uncover it. These days, a regular digital camera is sufficient to capture the artifact at every stage of its life, from trench to museum display.
  • Create more evidence. Photos help track the changes you've made during the conservation treatment, and the effects of your methods. Take photos of the object from all sides, and use a ruler to scale its size.
  • Work that camera! Don't hold back, and take lots of photos. Think of the conservator like a friend that couldn't go on vacation with you; conservators can't always be at the site during the moment of discovery, so archaeologists use photos as a reliable way to retell the story in detail.
Tip: If the object wasn't cleaned properly in the previous stage, then this will show up in the photograph. Proper cleaning allows the archaeologist to clearly see if the artifact has any weak points that may cause the object to break in storage or in transport.

That's it for this article, and thank you for reading! My final summer article will be posted this July.

Here are some additional resources:

Monday, 11 June 2018




Readers, you know the drill! Read the following interviews to learn about what Master of Museum Studies students are doing during their internships* 

This post features:

Alexis Benjamin: GLBT Historical Society, San Francisco, CA

Laetitia Dandavino-Tardif:
Estate of Arnaud Maggs, Toronto, ON

Beth Lymer: Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, ON

Tell us a bit about yourself and your museum-related interests.

Alexis: I am a queer trans woman originally from the small city of Boise, Idaho in the United States. I started working in museums during a really dark time in my life, after an unsuccessful suicide attempt after I realized I was trans. Working in museums was a large part of figuring out how to live again. My first supervisor and mentor was a lesbian who sued with her wife for the right to marry. My primary interest is telling the stories of people who were denied a voice by conventional history. These stories include the trans, gender non-conforming, and queer rioters at Compton’s Cafeteria, or the thirty four Chinese miners killed in the Hells Canyon Massacre. This also includes the story of my grandmother, who along with her family was interned at the Minidoka War Relocation Center along with 120 000 other Americans simply for having Japanese heritage.

Laetitia: Following my Bachelor of Art History and Studio Arts at Concordia University (Montreal, QC), I decided to move to Toronto to pursue a Master of Museum Studies. My objective is to work as a curator in an art gallery or museum while remaining involved with local art communities. When I visit museums, I am interested in how exhibitions are created to foster conversations on various topics. More specifically, I am captivated by how artworks, when brought together, create new meanings and engage in dialogues with each other and the viewers. Thus, what I aim to do as a curator is develop exhibitions that talk about current societal issues through the gathering of artworks.

Beth: My name is Beth Lymer and I just finished my first year of the Master of Museum Studies program. I am just over a month into my summer internship in the Earth Sciences collection at the Royal Ontario Museum. I have a Bachelor of Science degree in Geology, and a Master of Science degree in Earth and Space Science. After completing some of my research on meteorites during my last degree at the ROM, I became interested in natural science and the role museums play in science education, research and collection. 

Beth with the Earth Sciences Collection at the ROM. Photo courtesy of Beth Lymer. 
What is a typical day at your institution? What are your responsibilities?

Alexis: I don’t really have a typical day. I work in three different departments throughout the week, and once we get into the swing of prepping and installing new exhibits, I will be working for four. Initially, the collection was purely an archive without a museum attached. Our database is filemaker pro, which is an archival database and doesn't support artifacts well. When working with the registrar, I am inventorying our most critical collections, like the materials and artifacts donated by Harvey Milk and Scott Smith’s estate. I also work for our educational and programming department which was established a month before I started. We are creating our first lesson plans and primary and secondary school materials. I am doing work on an Angela Davis “OUTspoken” exhibit which has taken me to the Alameda County Courthouse where Huey P. Newton’s conviction was thrown out, to microform copies of the People vs. Angela Y. Davis trial transcript in the special collection at UC Berkeley. With the museum director, I do everything from volunteer wrangling to brainstorming new exhibits. I guess my typical day is coming in and asking what I am doing, and then doing something totally new.

Laetitia: My main task at the internship is to condition report and catalogue the works by Canadian photographer Arnaud Maggs and to optimize the Estate of Arnaud Maggs’ database. I work together with another intern to consolidate the collection. We gather all the necessary information about the photographs, look at their condition and input this information in the database. Our supervisor gives us liberty to organize our daily schedule, while providing us guidelines and suggesting priorities we should focus on. Sometimes, special projects come up, such as the sale of an artwork or the visit of an art collector, and we help our supervisor with this preparation.

Beth: There is no such thing as a typical day in the museum field – we are constantly juggling 100 different projects at once which is very exciting. However, my overarching project for the summer is to create a classification scheme for a couple thousand rocks that do not fit in our current schema, and rehouse them in our petrology collection. This project involves creating new hierarchies in the TMS database, the planning and moving of specimens, cataloguing, and lifting a lot of rocks! I have also been working on a display with the entomology department for the Scarborough Gem and Mineral show in September, where we are displaying minerals and butterflies together! I am responsible for creating this display from start to finish, from choosing mineral specimens, to mock-ups, to loan agreement paperwork.   

What is something you have learned so far at your internship?

Alexis: I have learned that I have to wear many hats. When I started, I quickly realized with the exception of Executive Director, Communications Director, Financial Director, and Administrative Manager, I would work for every other department. I work in programming, museum operations, archives and special collections, and museum collections. It is a great overview of all the different things needed to make a museum and archives work.

Laetitia: Through my internship, I realize the importance of a centralized database, in this case the Estate of Arnaud Maggs, and how this can be applied to a larger institution. The database enables one to record sales and loans of artworks and collects information on Maggs’ prints such as: description, condition and museum collections, etc. I am now able to distinguish between a study print versus a final print and recognize the nuances between the various types of works, such as details versus contact sheets. I have also learned the best practices of handling prints with care, precaution, and how to preserve them. Although I have experience with photography, I am learning a lot about the various photographic techniques, methods and mediums. This provides me with a more knowledgeable basis for a future profession in the art field. Finally, I am discovering the career, artistic vision and aesthetic of one artist, Arnaud Maggs, as I am immersed in his world and studio. I am exposed to Maggs’ process and the evolution of his work throughout his forty years career.

Beth: I have learned that classification is hard – and that a classification scheme will never work perfectly, nor please everyone. I have also learned that the most successful classification scheme is one that works best for the people who are housing and searching for objects everyday – the collections staff, not necessarily the user of the collection (i.e. researcher). This sounds like a pretty obvious statement, but when you are forced to make decisions that will affect the collection for decades, it becomes very daunting.

Laetitia at the Estate of Arnaud Maggs. Photo courtesy of Laetitia Dandavino-Tardif
What are you excited about accomplishing throughout your internship?

Alexis: I already inventoried the Harvey Milk and Scott Smith collection, which was both amazing and sobering. Artifacts have a magic to them, and sometimes that magic is a black thing. Especially when you open a box and find in it a returned property slip from the San Francisco Medical Examiner’s Office, and an empty suit bag (the suit in which Supervisor Milk was shot), and then another bag holding a pair of silk boxers covered in dark stains from blood spilled nearly forty years ago. I am most excited about the final project they have for me. Three cases to fill with any exhibit I choose from our permanent collection of materials. It will be one of the hardest things to do, to limit what I put in there. But I hope to tell the stories of some trans people who have been forgotten by history.

Laetitia: The combination of different tasks that involve unexpected, but welcome challenges keeps me excited throughout the internship. Every box of prints I open is different and filled with treasures. For example, we discovered small photographs of Leonard Cohen. Maggs, mostly working with portraiture, requires us to identify photographed subjects and research their names. It has been stimulating to discover and learn about the significant cultural figures, such as artists, curators or musicians, that posed for Maggs. I enjoy looking at these portraits, as they capture the essence of various time periods, starting in the 70s to the present, in Toronto and in Europe. Moreover, there is also creativity involved in the internship as we develop new types of categorization of the works and compiling sets of prints, keeping in mind Maggs’ methodology. Understanding how the work I am doing now is meaningful and has an impact on the future of the estate, motivates me.

Beth: I am very excited to see finished products in both of my main projects – the petrology collection and the mineral display. It will be satisfying to see hard work displayed in the collection room, where thousands of specimens will have new homes and are organized beautifully, and in a more visual display with the Scarborough Gem and Mineral show project. 

Dyke March Oral History Project Reception, Shirt is a replica of the May 21st 1979 Defense Fund, calling for the SF queer community to make no apologies for the White Night Riot. Silk screens held by the GLBT Historical Society Collection. Photo courtesy of Alexis Benjamin. 
If you could create any museum (no matter how ridiculous) what kind of museum would it be?

Alexis: The 2020 GLBT Historical Society roadmap comes pretty close, which wants to expand the museum from a single gallery in what used to be a Laundromat in the Castro, to North America’s first museum dedicated to LGBTQAI+ culture and history. But mine would be more radical. It would display the works of groups like the Degenderettes, of which Mask Magazine said, “The Degenderettes make rad embroidered patches and queer weapons, offering a supportive channel for aggressive visibility in a society where visible queerness is often seen as a threat.” It would be a museum that would get picketed daily by people who don’t like things that are different. It would be revolutionary, and visibility queer. But unlike the GLBT Historical Society it would put women trans people, people of color, and sex worker’s voice at the center of the museum. It would be a place where the margins were the center.

Laetitia: I would create a museum city. I visualize a city that is a museum. A museum without walls. This concept already exists and some features of it can already be seen in various cities, but I would like to push this idea even further! As someone enters the city gates, it enters the museum. As you walk through the city, there are history, science or art exhibitions in the streets, and these ones change throughout the year. Maybe one neighborhood is dedicated to science exhibitions, while the other to art? As passerby’s walk in the streets, they get to enjoy beautiful exhibitions and learn.

Beth: A lot of people have answered that they would open a museum about space, but I feel that has to be my answer as well - and I would be happy to work as a team with them to accomplish that. I think everyone is at least a little fascinated with space because it is still so unknown, and so vast! I would love to open a museum about space and deep time, and create an environment where people have an existential experience.

*These interviews have been edited for length and clarity.